|"Dangerous crisis" in the shipbuilding industry|
|Release time: 2013-1-16|
The wave of bankruptcy just started
In late autumn and October, the weather is getting cooler, and the domestic shipbuilding industry has also "swept" into the cold winter.
As one of the domestic shipyards, Taizhou now overlooks the north bank of Jiaojiang River, and the gantry crane idle on the bank is motionless, like a lonely giant, quietly suffering for years. Not far away, seven or eight ships were moored scattered on the river, and there was no longer the “spirituality” that set sail in the past. "More than half of these ships have no owner, and the first release is four or five years," said Liu Xiaochun, director of the office of Haichang Shipyard.
Who would have thought that just a few years ago, there was still prosperity here. "There are workers everywhere, and the gantry cranes have never stopped." Liu Xiaochun remembered that the Jiaobei area at that time was brightly lit at night, and the noisy operation sounded endlessly.
Liu Zhuohai, general manager of Ningbo Mingyuan Shipping Co., Ltd., told reporters that "less orders, difficult financing, and idle capacity are the three major factors restricting the development of shipbuilding enterprises at present. The current shipbuilding enterprises are really living in deep water.
Since 2012, due to factors such as tight capital chains, sharply reduced orders, difficult delivery, and low concentration, China's shipping companies have sharply decreased from the original 3400 to 300. Mainly. "In the past, it was difficult to order, start construction, and financing, but now it is difficult to survive." Bao Zhangjing, chief researcher of the China Shipbuilding Industry Economic Research Center, told reporters. The shipbuilding industry has ushered in its wave of bankruptcy.
"Disappeared" shipping companies
Tight capital chains, sharply reduced orders, difficult ship delivery, and low concentration are like heavy typhoons that are beating the Chinese shipbuilding industry heavily. Fewer and fewer delivery ceremonies are a bit like the last supper. The employees are on vacation and do not know when they can resume work. A large number of shipping companies fell. The industry predicts that China's shipping companies will drop sharply from more than 3,400 in the peak period to only 300 or less. A few years ago, China's shipbuilding industry, which was once magnificent, was entering the "severe winter."
In March this year, the well-known Nantong Huigang Shipbuilding Company was forced to close down.
In May, following Ningbo Hengfu Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. and Blue Sky Shipbuilding Group, Zhejiang Taizhou's largest export ship company Zhejiang Jingang Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. applied to the court for bankruptcy.
In June, the Sino-South Korean joint venture Dalian Oriental Seiko Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. “Dongfang Seiko” declared bankruptcy.
On August 18 last year, Wenzhou Yueqing Oriental Shipbuilding Group, known as the "Wenzhou King of Ships", was listed on the AIM market of the London Stock Exchange. The scenery has been less than a year, and now this company has also been ups and downs. Dongfang Shipbuilding has been delisted on the London Stock Exchange. The exact time of delisting is June 8 this year.
In the past, it was difficult to order, start construction, and financing, but now it is difficult to survive. The most worrying thing is that the industry generally believes that although the shipbuilding industry has shouted for two years, the real wave of bankruptcy has just begun.
The downturn in the shipbuilding industry is crippling
As is known to all, abrasive tools are widely used in the heavy machinery industry such as shipbuilding industry as industrial teeth. The shipbuilding industry needs various non-metallic materials and metal materials such as: wood, rubber, plastic, glass, ceramics, stone, copper, aluminum, cast iron, steel, etc., as well as cemented carbide, high-speed steel, high-vanadium steel, titanium steel , Stainless steel, etc. Abrasive tools can be used for rough grinding, rough grinding, semi-fine grinding, fine grinding, fine grinding, and high-precision low-roughness grinding according to the purpose and amount of processing. At the same time, according to different processing objects, external grinding, internal grinding, surface grinding, tool grinding, special grinding, electric welding grinding, honing, ultra-finishing, grinding and polishing can be performed. The shipbuilding industry's dependence on abrasive tools can be seen.
After the outbreak of the global financial crisis, new orders in the shipbuilding industry have plummeted. In addition to the unprecedented number of new ship deliveries, the number of handheld orders has continued to decline. In September 2008, 955 shipyards worldwide had 11,305 hand-held orders, and shipyards under construction more than doubled from 354 in 2000. According to Clarkson statistics, in the four years following the financial crisis, the number of new orders for new ships held by the world continued to decline. As of early October, the number of shipbuilding orders had dropped to 4,795, and the number of shipyards under construction had also decreased to 538, a sharp drop of 40. %. Not only that, 240 shipyards will face a crisis of exhausted workload by the end of 2012. The Chinese shipbuilding industry, which is suffering from order shortages, has also dragged mills into the water, making the already at stake mills even worse.
The way out of the slump shipbuilding industry
Modern shipbuilding technology is developing in the direction of high mechanization, automation, integration, modularization, and computerization. The key research and development technologies are: efficient welding technology (automatic fillet welding, vertical fillet welding, vertical welding, horizontal automatic butt welding); Shipbuilding precision control technology; shell-coating integration technology; computer-aided shipbuilding integrated system technology. Key research and development equipment includes: welding robots, CNC machine tools, large-scale door cranes, etc. From the perspective of ship demand, large and high value-added ships and engineering equipment will become the focus of competition in the world's ship market, which mainly involves large-scale oil tankers over 200,000 tons, large-scale oil tankers over 100,000 tons, large-scale multi-functional chemical tankers, Fully cold-type LPG ships and LNG ships of more than 5 tons square, container ships of more than 5,000 boxes, large-scale ro-ro ships, engineering ships, refrigerated ships, luxury tankers, drilling ships, etc.
Abrasive and abrasive enterprises should follow the shipbuilding industry's technological innovation and research and development of new product directions to seek breakthroughs, develop high-end abrasive and abrasive products, and reduce import dependence. It is expected that the development tone of the abrasive abrasive industry in the next five years will also become the tone of the entire national economic policy. At present, the development orientation of the world economy and the regional economic structure are undergoing tremendous changes. In order to meet the opportunities and challenges brought by the integration of the world's economic integration and the expansion of domestic demand, China's abrasive and abrasive production enterprises have also undergone rapid development in corporate restructuring, restructuring, reform, transformation, and adjustment of product structure. The degree of internationalization has increased dramatically. .
In recent years to the present, enterprises in the abrasive industry, such as Luoyang, Henan, Danjiangkou, Hubei, and other places have actively improved their product quality through relocation and product upgrading, and they have indeed achieved significant results. As of now, there are quite a few medium-sized and more abrasive production enterprises that have relocated and eliminated backward equipment and improved their technological equipment. The economic development of various countries is increasingly concentrated on improving the level of science and technology, and market competition is mainly reflected in the competition of product technology. At present, several famous companies in the world in the production of abrasives and abrasive tools are following different paths in accordance with their own development concepts. Development pays more attention to the high starting point of product technology and high return of marketing, and strives to jump out of the competitive circle of low and medium products.